文章摘要
鲑鳟鱼类寄生虫病研究进展与展望[*]
Research Progress and Prospect of Parasitic Diseases of Salmon and Trout
投稿时间:2020-01-13  修订日期:2020-03-06
DOI:
中文关键词: 鲑鳟鱼类  寄生虫病  生活史  防治措施
英文关键词: Salmon and trout  Parasitic diseases  Life cycle  Prevention and control measures
基金项目:现代农业产业体系项目
作者单位E-mail
唐嘉嘉 中山大学 m18392084850@163.com 
李安兴① 中山大学生命科学学院 lianxing@mail.sysu.edu.cn 
李诗钰 中山大学生命科学学院  
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中文摘要:
      鲑、鳟鱼类是典型的冷水性鱼类,经济价值高,是世界性重要经济养殖鱼类之一。然而,随着其养殖密度越来越大,养殖环境亦日益变差,鲑鳟鱼类寄生虫病的发生和危害也不断增大,严重制约了产业的健康发展。鲑鳟鱼常见且危害较为严重的寄生虫主要包括三代虫、鱼虱、阿米巴原虫、脑碘泡虫、苔藓鲑四囊虫和库道虫。这些寄生虫生活史简单、繁殖速度快,它们大多寄生在鱼体的表面及体内的各种器官上,导致鱼体生长缓慢、抵抗力下降,引起鱼体损伤并造成死亡。在防治方法上,物理控制、化学药物和免疫治疗相结合进行综合防控。本文对鲑鳟鱼常见寄生虫病这一领域的研究进展和成果作一简要综述,以期为鲑鳟鱼寄生虫病的研究和防治提供有益参考。
英文摘要:
      Salmon and trout are typical cold-water fishes with high economic value. These fishes are among the most important economic fishes in the world. However, with increasing aquaculture density, the environment of aquaculture is increasingly degraded. The occurrence of salmon and trout parasitic diseases and corresponding damage to fishes are also increasing. These factors severely restrict the healthy development of the industry. The common and severe parasites of salmon and trout are Gyrodactylus, Caligus rogercresseyi, Neoparamoeba perurans, Myxobolus cerebralis, Tetracapsuloides bryosalmonae, and Kudoa. These parasites have a simple life cycle and a rapid reproduction rate. Most of them are parasitic on the surface and various organs of the fish body, thereby slowing growth and weakening the resistance of the fish. This effect damages the fish body and kills the fish. Physical control methods and chemicals are combined for comprehensive prevention and control. This paper reviews the research progress and achievements in the field of the common parasitic diseases of salmon trout to provide useful references for the research and control of such diseases.
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