文章摘要
海洋环境中有机胺的迁移转化研究进展
Research Progress on the Transport and Transformation of Amines in the Marine Environment
投稿时间:2020-05-09  修订日期:2020-07-03
DOI:
中文关键词: 有机胺,海洋生物,盐度,形成途径,检测方法
英文关键词: amines, marine organisms, salinity, formation pathways, detection methods
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
胡清静 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 huqj@ysfri.ac.cn 
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中文摘要:
      近年来,研究证实大气中有机胺具有潜在的气候效应,该方面研究也是当今国际的热点之一。海洋是大气中有机胺的重要来源,但由于海水中有机胺检测难度较大,导致海洋环境中有机胺的产生机制尚不清楚。本文概述了海洋生物体内有机胺前体物的浓度特征及其对环境中有机胺的影响,阐述了沉积物、海水及大气中有机胺的浓度特征,分析了海洋大气气溶胶中有机胺的形成途径,并指出海水中有机胺检测的难点及现阶段亟待解决的科学问题。为深入认识海洋环境中有机胺的迁移转化规律及其潜在气候效应提供科学依据。
英文摘要:
      In the atmosphere, amines play the potential important roles on climate effects, which is a hot spot of the current international research. Ocean is an important source of amines in the atmosphere, but the mechanism of the formation of amines in the environment hasn’t been clear due to the difficulty of detecting amines in seawater. This article outlines the concentration characteristics of amine precursors in marine organisms and its impact on the amines in the marine environment, summarizes the concentration characteristics of amines in sediments, seawater, and the atmosphere, analyzes the formation pathway of amines in marine atmospheric particles, and points out the difficulties in the detection of amines in seawater and the scientific problems that need to be solved urgently. This study will provide a scientific support for understanding the transport and transformation of amines in marine environment and their climatic effects of amines in the marine atmosphere.
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