文章摘要
杜美荣,方建光,葛长宇,毛玉泽,于守团,燕敬平,李锋.盐度和饵料密度对栉孔扇贝稚贝滤水率的影响.渔业科学进展,2009,30(3):74-78
盐度和饵料密度对栉孔扇贝稚贝滤水率的影响
Effects of salinities and microalgae densities on filtration rates of scallop Chlamys farreri spats
投稿时间:2008-03-19  修订日期:2008-05-08
DOI:
中文关键词: 栉孔扇贝  稚贝  滤水率  盐度  饵料密度
英文关键词: Chlamys farreri  Spat  Filtration rate  Salinity  Microalgae density
基金项目:国家863计划项目(2006AA100304、2006AA100307和2006AA10Z414)、贝类行业专项(nyhyzx07-047)和国家重点基础研究发展规划(973)项目(2006CB400608) 共同资助
作者单位
杜美荣 (1 农业部海洋渔业资源可持续利用重点开放实验室 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所青岛266071) (2 中国海洋大学水产学院青岛266003) 
方建光 1 农业部海洋渔业资源可持续利用重点开放实验室 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所青岛266071 
葛长宇 (2 中国海洋大学水产学院青岛266003) 
毛玉泽 1 农业部海洋渔业资源可持续利用重点开放实验室 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所青岛266071 
于守团 3 青岛红岛蛤原良种有限公司266114 
燕敬平 1 农业部海洋渔业资源可持续利用重点开放实验室 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所青岛266071 
李锋 1 农业部海洋渔业资源可持续利用重点开放实验室 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所青岛266071 
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中文摘要:
      采用静水法研究了恒定温度(24±0.5℃)、饵料密度(3.0×104 cell/ml)、不同盐度(20、25、30和35)和恒定温度(24℃±0.5℃)、盐度30、不同饵料密度梯度(3.0×104、4.5×104和 6.0×104 cell/ml)对栉孔扇贝稚贝(壳长1.177~2.017 mm)滤水率的影响。结果表明,栉孔扇贝稚贝的滤水率(FRS)开始随着盐度的升高而升高,在25~30之间存在最大值,然后随盐度的升高而下降,与盐度(S)间的相关关系为FRS=-30.893S2+1 691.5S-19 610 (r =0.847,以整体干重计算)或FRS=-0.022S2 1.223 6S-14522 (r = 0.928,以个体数量计), 通过公式推算在盐度278时FRS达到最大值,为3.54L/g•dw•h(2.49×10-3L/ h•ind);投饵密度(Q)对栉孔扇贝稚贝的滤水率(FRQ)有显著影响(P<0.05),二者之间的相关关系为FRQ=-0.069 3Q2 0.648 4Q-1.083 5(r = 0.722),其变化趋势亦呈现先升高后下降的抛物线趋势,推算金藻密度为4.7×104 cell/ml时滤水率最大,为0.43×10-3 L/ h•ind。
英文摘要:
      At temperature 24±0.5℃, the filtration rates of scallop Chlamys farreri spats (1.177~2.017 mm in shell length) were determined at different salinities (20,25,30,35) when microalgae density was 3.0×104 cell/ml and different density of microalgae (Dicrateria zhanjiangensis) (3.0×104 cell/ml, 4.5×104cell/ml, 6.0×104 cell/ml) when salinity was 30, using static water method. The relationship between the filtration rate (FRS) and the salinity (S) can be expressed byFRS=-30.893S2+1 691.5S-196.10 (r=0.847) (calculated by whole dry weight), FRS=-0.022S2 1.223 6S-14.522 ( r= 0.928, calculated by individual quantity) . We estimated that at the salinity of 27.8,the filtration rate reached the maximum value, 3.54L/g•dw•h(2.49×10-4 L/ h•ind). The filtration rate of the scallop spats increased with the salinity when the salinity was lower than 27.8 and decreased when it was more than 27.8. Feeding rate had significant influence on the filtration rates of the scallop (P< 0.05). When fed with D.zhanjiang ensis at in the concentrations of 3.0×104cell/ml, 4.5×104cell/ml, 6.0×104cell/ml, the filtration rate of the scallop spats increased and then decreased in a parabolic trend.It was estimated that the highest filtration rate(0.43×10-3L/ h•ind)could be reached when the density was 4.7×104 cell/ml.The relationship between the filtration rate (FRQ) and the microalgae density (Q) was FRQ=-0.069 3Q2 0.648 4Q-1.083 5(r= 0.722)。
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