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GnIH多肽对半滑舌鳎(Cynoglossus semilaevis)下丘脑生殖相关基因表达的影响
刘 权,王 滨,柳学周,徐永江,史 宝,刘增新
作者单位
刘 权 农业部海洋渔业可持续发展重点实验室 青岛市海水鱼类种子工程与生物技术重点实验室 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 青岛 266071上海海洋大学水产与生命学院 上海 201306 
王 滨 农业部海洋渔业可持续发展重点实验室 青岛市海水鱼类种子工程与生物技术重点实验室 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 青岛 266071 
柳学周 农业部海洋渔业可持续发展重点实验室 青岛市海水鱼类种子工程与生物技术重点实验室 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 青岛 266071上海海洋大学水产与生命学院 上海 201306 
徐永江 农业部海洋渔业可持续发展重点实验室 青岛市海水鱼类种子工程与生物技术重点实验室 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 青岛 266071 
史 宝 农业部海洋渔业可持续发展重点实验室 青岛市海水鱼类种子工程与生物技术重点实验室 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 青岛 266071 
刘增新 农业部海洋渔业可持续发展重点实验室 青岛市海水鱼类种子工程与生物技术重点实验室 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 青岛 266071上海海洋大学水产与生命学院 上海 201306 
摘要:
本研究首次通过下丘脑离体孵育的方法研究促性腺激素抑制激素(Gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone, GnIH)多肽对半滑舌鳎(Cynoglossus semilaevis)下丘脑中生殖相关基因的表达调控。研究结果显示,tsGnIH-1促进了gnrh2和gnih的表达,对gnrh3和kiss2的表达无影响;tsGnIH-2抑制了gnrh3的表达,对gnrh2、kiss2和gnih的表达无影响。GnIH多肽对生殖相关基因的不同调控表明同一前体蛋白编码的不同GnIH多肽在生殖调控中的作用不尽相同。本研究结果增加了对GnIH参与鱼类生殖调控机制的认识,为深入研究奠定了基础。
关键词:  半滑舌鳎  促性腺激素抑制激素  促性腺激素释放激素  下丘脑  生殖相关基因
DOI:10.11758/yykxjz.20160805001
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(31602133; 31502145)、国家鲆鲽类产业技术体系(CARS-50)、山东省自然科学基金项目(ZR2016CB02)和中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所基本科研业务费
Effects of Gonadotropin-Inhibitory Hormone Peptides on the Reproduction-Related Gene Expression in the Hypothalamus of Half-Smooth Tongue Sole (Cynoglossus semilaevis)
LIU Quan,WANG Bin,LIU Xuezhou,XU Yongjiang,SHI Bao,LIU Zengxin
Abstract:
The neuroendocrine regulation of reproduction in vertebrates, including fish, is primarily controlled by the hypothalamo-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis, with each component secreting specific neuropeptides or hormones. A classic example of such regulation is the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) system. It was believed that GnRH was the only hypothalamic stimulator of the release of pituitary gonadotropins, and that there was no inhibitory neuropeptide in the reproductive axis. However, this notion has been challenged by the recent discovery of a vertebrate hypothalamic neuropeptide that suppresses pituitary gonadotropins release. Gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone (GnIH) is a novel hypothalamic neuropeptide which was identified in 2000 from the brain of Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica). To date, GnIH orthologs have been isolated from fish to mammals and GnIH is the only reported inhibitor of reproduction in any vertebrate. GnIH acts on the pituitary and on GnRH neurons in the hypothalamus to decrease gonadotropin synthesis and release, inhibiting gonadal development and maintenance via a novel G-protein-coupled receptor (GPR147). It is well accepted that GnIH acts as an inhibitory factor in the control of reproduction in birds and mammals. However, the role of GnIH in the control of gonadotropin synthesis and release has been debatable in fish. In this study, we evaluated the effects of GnIH peptides on the reproduction-related gene expression in the hypothalamus of half-smooth tongue sole using a primary hypothalamus culture system for the first time. Our results showed that tsGnIH-1 increased the expression of gnrh2 and gnih mRNAs, but had no effects on gnrh3 or kiss2 mRNA expression. On the other hand, tsGnIH2 significantly inhibited gnrh3 mRNA expression. However, tsGnIH2 altered neither gnrh2, kiss2 nor gnih mRNA levels. Our findings suggested that GnIH peptides derived from the same precursor played different roles in the reproduction-related gene expression in tongue sole, and provided information for the future studies on the regulation of reproduction by GnIH peptides in fish.
Key words:  Cynoglossus semilaevis  Gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone (GnIH)  Gonadotropin- releasing hormone (GnRH)  Hypothalamus  Reproduction-related gene