文章摘要
刘志轩,王印庚,张 正,王 凯,蔡生力,包海岩,姚学良,张 振.几种消毒剂对凡纳滨对虾致病性弧菌的杀灭作用.渔业科学进展,2018,39(3):112-119
几种消毒剂对凡纳滨对虾致病性弧菌的杀灭作用
Germicidal Effect of Several Disinfectants on the Pathogenic Bacteria of Acute Hepatopancreatic Necrosis Disease (AHPND) in Litopenaeus vannamei
投稿时间:2017-04-19  修订日期:2017-07-10
DOI:
中文关键词: 副溶血弧菌  哈维氏弧菌  溶藻弧菌  Vibrio sp.  聚六亚甲基胍  杀菌效果
英文关键词: Vibrio parahaemolyticus  Vibrio harveyi  Vibrio alginolyticus  Vibrio sp.  Polyhexamethylene guanidine  Germicidal effect
基金项目:
作者单位
刘志轩 上海海洋大学水产与生命学院 上海 201306青岛海洋科学与技术国家实验室海洋渔业科学与食物产出过程功能实验室 农业部海洋渔业可持续发展重点实验室 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 青岛 266071 
王印庚 上海海洋大学水产与生命学院 上海 201306青岛海洋科学与技术国家实验室海洋渔业科学与食物产出过程功能实验室 农业部海洋渔业可持续发展重点实验室 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 青岛 266071 
张 正 青岛海洋科学与技术国家实验室海洋渔业科学与食物产出过程功能实验室 农业部海洋渔业可持续发展重点实验室 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 青岛 266071 
王 凯 青岛海洋科学与技术国家实验室海洋渔业科学与食物产出过程功能实验室 农业部海洋渔业可持续发展重点实验室 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 青岛 266071 
蔡生力 上海海洋大学水产与生命学院 上海 201306 
包海岩 天津市水产技术推广站 天津 300321 
姚学良 天津市水产技术推广站 天津 300321 
张 振 青岛远大海洋生物科技有限公司 青岛 266035 
摘要点击次数: 412
全文下载次数: 229
中文摘要:
      本研究对分离的副溶血弧菌(Vibrio parahaemolyticus)、哈维氏弧菌(Vibrio harveyi)、溶藻弧菌(Vibrio alginolyticus)及Vibrio sp. Ex25共4株急性肝胰腺坏死病(AHPND)致病菌(编号分别为PV130903A、PV140731A、PV150526A和PV140821A)进行了杀灭作用实验,研究了聚六亚甲基胍(PHMG)、双氧水(H2O2)、聚维酮碘(PVPI)及二氧化氯(ClO2) 4种消毒剂对4株致病菌的杀灭浓度、杀灭时间及杀灭率的比较分析;同时追踪了PHMG在凡纳滨对虾(Litopenaeus vannamei)养殖过程中对池塘水体弧菌的杀灭效果。结果显示,2 μl/L的ClO2作用1 h、1 μl/L的PHMG或1 μl/L的H2O2作用2 h、8 μl/L的PVPI作用6 h可完全杀灭4种弧菌,PHMG和PVPI的杀菌率随时间的推移逐渐升高,H2O2和ClO2的杀菌率在达到峰值之后均有不同程度的下降。在池塘养殖水体的弧菌杀灭实验中,浓度为0.5、1、2 μl/L的PHMG可使养殖水体中的弧菌总量分别在第4天、第3天和第3天下降到最低值,分别为初始弧菌总数的79.14%、82.48%和87.30%;各浓度实验组弧菌总量达到最低值后逐步升高,直到第11天时上述各浓度实验组的弧菌总量仍然低于消毒前初始值的3.58%、5.53%和6.10%。综合比较分析,这4种消毒剂对致病性弧菌的杀菌能力强弱为:PHMG>H2O2>ClO2>PVPI。结合消毒剂的杀菌浓度、杀菌效果、持续时间以及使用成本等几个方面考虑,认为PHMG具有高效、持久等优点,在水产养殖中将会有良好的应用前景。
英文摘要:
      Acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND) has pathogenic diversity causing high mortality and economic losses in shrimp culture. We isolated PV130903A (Vibrio parahaemolyticus), PV140731A (V. harveyi), PV150526A (V. alginolyticus), and PV140821A (V. sp. Ex25) from the infected Litopenaeus vannamei, and designed a germicidal experiment on the isolated pathogens. Polyhexamethylene guanidine (PHMG), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), povidone-iodine (PVPI), and chlorine dioxide (ClO2) were chosen to determine their concentration, killing rate, and killing time on the four pathogenic bacteria. Furthermore, an experiment was also conducted to determine the killing efficiency of PHMG on the Vibrios in the pond water. The results showed that 2 μl/L ClO2 killed all the bacteria in 1 h; 1 μl/L PHMG and H2O2 killed all the bacteria in 2 h; and 6 μl/L PVPI killed all the four bacteria in 6 h. It is noteworthy that the killing rate of PHMG and PVPI gradually increased with time. In contrast, the killing rate of H2O2 and ClO2 decreased after attaining the peak value. In the experiment carried out on the Vibrios in the pond water, 0.5 μL/L, 1 μL/L, and 2 μL/L PHMG decreased the total amount of Vibrios in the water to the minimal value of 79.14% on day 4, 82.48% on day 3, and 87.30% on day 3, respectively. Furthermore, the total amount of Vibrios in all the three concentration groups recovered slowly after reaching the minimal value. On day 11, the total amount of Vibrios in the three groups was still lower than the initial value of 3.58%, 5.53%, and 6.10%, respectively. The bactericidal ability of these four disinfectants was in the order: PHMG > H2O2 > ClO2 > PVPI. Based on the bactericide concentration, germicidal efficacy, duration, and cost, it was proved that PHMG has be efficiently used in aquaculture and it has a good application prospect in the future.
附件
查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭