文章摘要
梁洲瑞,刘福利,杜欣欣,袁艳敏,梁启迪,汪文俊,孙修涛,王飞久.光强对极北海带幼苗生长和生化特性的影响.渔业科学进展,2019,40(4):115-122
光强对极北海带幼苗生长和生化特性的影响
Effects of Light Intensities on the Growth and Biochemical Characteristics of Laminaria hyperborea Young Seedling
投稿时间:2018-05-23  修订日期:2018-06-26
DOI:
中文关键词: 极北海带  光强  生长  生化组分  抗氧化系统
英文关键词: Laminaria hyperborea  Light intensity  Growth  Biochemical composition  Antioxidant system
基金项目:中国水产科学研究院基本科研业务费专项(2016PT03; 2016HY-JC0302)、青岛市民生科技计划项目(17-3-3-65-nsh)、农业农村部农业国际合作交流项目——“一带一路”热带国家水产养殖科技创新合作项目和现代农业产业技术体系 (CARS-50)共同资助
作者单位
梁洲瑞 农业农村部海洋渔业可持续发展重点实验室 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 青岛 266071青岛海洋科学与技术试点国家实验室海洋渔业科学与食物产出过程功能实验室 青岛 266071 
刘福利 农业农村部海洋渔业可持续发展重点实验室 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 青岛 266071青岛海洋科学与技术试点国家实验室海洋渔业科学与食物产出过程功能实验室 青岛 266071 
杜欣欣 青岛农业大学海洋科学与工程学院 青岛 266109 
袁艳敏 上海海洋大学水产与生命学院 上海 201306 
梁启迪 农业农村部海洋渔业可持续发展重点实验室 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 青岛 266071 
汪文俊 农业农村部海洋渔业可持续发展重点实验室 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 青岛 266071青岛海洋科学与技术试点国家实验室海洋渔业科学与食物产出过程功能实验室 青岛 266071 
孙修涛 农业农村部海洋渔业可持续发展重点实验室 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 青岛 266071青岛海洋科学与技术试点国家实验室海洋渔业科学与食物产出过程功能实验室 青岛 266071 
王飞久 农业农村部海洋渔业可持续发展重点实验室 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 青岛 266071青岛海洋科学与技术试点国家实验室海洋渔业科学与食物产出过程功能实验室 青岛 266071 
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中文摘要:
      通过探讨极北海带(Laminaria hyperborea)幼苗在不同光强下的相对生长速率(RGR)及生化指标的变化规律,以期获得适宜极北海带幼苗生长的光照范围,并揭示其对光照胁迫的生化响应机制。结果显示,在40~80 μmol photons/(m2·s)光强下,极北海带幼苗的RGR较高,表明此光强范围对其生长较有利,而RGR与丙二醛(MDA)含量呈显著负相关关系,表明细胞膜脂的过氧化作用可能是导致极北海带幼苗RGR降低的原因之一。极北海带幼苗中超氧阴离子(SA)含量与MDA含量呈极显著正相关关系,而超氧化物歧化酶(SOD)及过氧化氢酶(CAT)的比活力与SA含量及MDA含量均呈负相关关系(其中,CAT比活力与SA含量的相关性达到显著水平),且过氧化物酶(POD)与SOD的比活力呈极显著正相关关系,表明SOD、CAT及POD对于极北海带幼苗中活性氧的清除均发挥着重要的作用,且SOD与POD有明显的协同作用。高光和弱光逆境均不利于极北海带幼苗中可溶性蛋白的积累,且均造成藻体中MDA的积累,表明在光照胁迫下幼苗的总代谢水平降低,而活性氧水平升高。在高光下,幼苗可通过增加类胡萝卜素含量及显著提高SOD及POD的比活力来降低藻体内活性氧水平,从而减轻光氧化伤害。在弱光下,幼苗可通过增加体内叶绿素a的含量以高效地捕获有限光能,但藻体的抗氧化酶比活力显著下降,从而造成其活性氧代谢发生了严重失衡,进而导致其细胞膜脂过氧化程度的加重。上述结果可为极北海带的人工育苗及海上养殖提供参考。
英文摘要:
      Laminaria hyperborea is an important commercial seaweed, which has great potential for seaweed bed construction and artificial cultivation in China. To verify the suitable light for the growth of L. hyperborea young seedlings and clarify the biochemical response mechanism under light stress, the relative growth rate and biochemical responses under different light intensities were studied. Under these experimental conditions, the main conclusions are as follows: Light was beneficial for the growth of L. hyperborea young seedlings in the range of 40~80 μmol photons/(m2·s). The relative growth rate showed significant negative interrelation with the content of malondialdehyde (MDA), which indicates that membrane lipid peroxidation may be one of the reasons contributing to the low relative growth rate of L. hyperborea young seedlings. An extremely significant positive correlation was found between the content of superoxide anion (SA) and the content of MDA of L. hyperborea young seedlings. The specific activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) were negatively correlated with the content of SA and MDA, respectively. And the negative relationship between the specific activity of CAT and the content of SA was significant. Moreover, an extremely significant and positive correlation was found between specific activity of peroxidase (POD) and SOD. It can be inferred from the above correlation analysis results that SOD, CAT and POD play important roles in removing reactive oxygen species (ROS) and there is a significant synergy between SOD and POD in L. hyperborea young seedlings. The light stress environment was not conducive to the accumulation of soluble protein resulting in the accumulation of MDA in L. hyperborea young seedlings, which indicates that the total metabolic level was reduced and the ROS level was increased in this environment. The content of carotenoid and the specific activity of SOD and POD in L. hyperborea young seedlings will increase so that the ROS level can be reduced under high light stress, thus relieving light oxidative damage. The content of chlorophyll-a of L. hyperborea young seedlings will increase so that it can capture the limited light energy more effectively under low light stress. However, the antioxidant enzyme activity was significantly decreased as a result that led to a serious imbalance of ROS metabolism under low light stress, which resulted in more severe membrane lipid peroxidation damage. These results can provide the theoretical basis for the artificial breeding and cultivation of L. hyperborea in the future.
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