文章摘要
杨育凯,林黑着,王志勇,谢仰杰,郭奕惠,黄小林,李涛.黑棘鲷仔鱼饥饿实验及不可逆点的确定.渔业科学进展,2020,41(2):87-94
黑棘鲷仔鱼饥饿实验及不可逆点的确定
Experimental Starvation of Acanthopagrus schlegelii Larvae, and Definition of the Point of No Return
投稿时间:2019-01-04  修订日期:2019-01-27
DOI:
中文关键词: 黑棘鲷  仔鱼  饥饿  不可逆点
英文关键词: Acanthopagrus schlegelii  Larvae  Starvation  Point of no return (PNR)
基金项目:
作者单位
杨育凯 中国水产科学研究院南海水产研究所 农业农村部南海渔业资源开发利用重点实验室 广州 510300 
林黑着 中国水产科学研究院南海水产研究所 农业农村部南海渔业资源开发利用重点实验室 广州 510300 
王志勇 集美大学水产学院 农业农村部东海海水健康养殖重点实验室 厦门 361021 
谢仰杰 集美大学水产学院 农业农村部东海海水健康养殖重点实验室 厦门 361021 
郭奕惠 中国水产科学研究院南海水产研究所 农业农村部南海渔业资源开发利用重点实验室 广州 510300 
黄小林 中国水产科学研究院南海水产研究所 农业农村部南海渔业资源开发利用重点实验室 广州 510300 
李涛 中国水产科学研究院南海水产研究所 农业农村部南海渔业资源开发利用重点实验室 广州 510300 
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中文摘要:
      在水温18℃~19℃条件下,采用实验生态学方法研究了饥饿对黑棘鲷(Acanthopagrus schlegelii)仔鱼存活、生长发育及行为学特征的影响。通过测定仔鱼的初次摄食率和饥饿不可逆点(PNR),确定了初次投喂的最佳时间。结果显示,黑棘鲷仔鱼3日龄开口摄食,4日龄卵黄囊消失,6日龄油球消失,混合营养期仅3 d,属容易遭受饥饿胁迫的鱼类。仔鱼开口时初次摄食率仅为30%,之后迅速提高,至5日龄达到最高的90%,之后逐渐下降,7日龄降至45%,到达PNR。饥饿组仔鱼在6日龄后开始出现生理性萎缩,全长与对照组相比差异显著(P<0.05),进入PNR后,仔鱼活动能力显著下降,身体出现扭曲、畸形,死亡率急剧升高,至10日龄全部死亡。黑棘鲷仔鱼耐受饥饿能力较弱,建议开始投饵的最适时机为仔鱼开口后的4 d内。
英文摘要:
      The potential effects of starvation on the growth, feeding, and survival of Acanthopagrus schlegelii larvae were investigated at a water temperature of 18℃~19℃ by using ecological experimental methods. Along with the detection of the initial feeding rate and the point of no return (PNR), the optimum initial feeding time of the larvae were also ascertained. The results showed that larvae started feeding on the third day post hatching (dph), and the yolk sac and the oil globule disappeared at 4 DPH and 6 dph, respectively, which suggested that the duration of the mixotrophic stage was about 3 days and larvae were vulnerable to starvation. When the fish opened their mouths, the initial feeding rate was only 30%, which then rapidly increased to the highest level of 90% at 5 dph, after which it gradually declined to 45% at 7 dph, which denoted the PNR. Significant variation was found between the starved and control groups after 6 dph (P<0.05). Reduced mobility, distorted or deformed bodies, and increased mortality were observed in the starved larvae after the PNR. All the starved larvae died before 10 DPH. In brief, our study suggested that A. schlegelii larvae were vulnerable to starvation and the optimum initial feeding time of the larvae was within 4 days after their mouths opened.
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