文章摘要
赵永松,杨 庶,单秀娟,金显仕,孙 耀.山东半岛沿岸颗石藻化石的长期记录及其对东亚冬季风的响应.渔业科学进展,2019,40(5):62-70
山东半岛沿岸颗石藻化石的长期记录及其对东亚冬季风的响应
Sedimentary Record of Coccolithophore Assemblages in the Coastal of Shandong Peninsula and Their Response to the East Asian Winter Monsoon
投稿时间:2019-03-14  修订日期:2019-04-17
DOI:
中文关键词: 颗石藻  黄海沿岸流  沉积物  东亚冬季风
英文关键词: Coccolith  Yellow Sea  Sediment  East Asian winter monsoon
基金项目:国家重点基础研究发展计划(2015CB453303)、国家自然科学基金项目(31872692;41606130)、山东省泰山学者专项基金项目和青岛海洋科学与技术试点国家实验室鳌山人才培养计划(2017ASTCP-ES07)共同资助
作者单位
赵永松 大连海洋大学水产与生命学院 大连 116023中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 农业农村部海洋渔业可持续发展重点实验室 山东省渔业资源与生态环境重点实验室 青岛 266071 
杨 庶 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 农业农村部海洋渔业可持续发展重点实验室 山东省渔业资源与生态环境重点实验室 青岛 266071 
单秀娟 青岛海洋科学与技术试点国家实验室 海洋渔业科学与食物产出过程功能实验室 青岛 266071 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 农业农村部海洋渔业可持续发展重点实验室 山东省渔业资源与生态环境重点实验室 青岛 266071 
金显仕 青岛海洋科学与技术试点国家实验室 海洋渔业科学与食物产出过程功能实验室 青岛 266071 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 农业农村部海洋渔业可持续发展重点实验室 山东省渔业资源与生态环境重点实验室 青岛 266071 
孙 耀 青岛海洋科学与技术试点国家实验室 海洋渔业科学与食物产出过程功能实验室 青岛 266071 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 农业农村部海洋渔业可持续发展重点实验室 山东省渔业资源与生态环境重点实验室 青岛 266071 
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中文摘要:
      本研究对南黄海西北部山东半岛沿岸的沉积柱140年的颗石藻(Coccolithophores)样品进行了种类组成和丰度分析。结果显示,共发现颗石藻8种,平均丰度为9.76×106 个/g,丰度范围为(5.07~14.21)×106个/g。其中,大洋桥石藻(Gephyrocapsa oceanica)和赫氏艾密里藻(Emiliania huxleyi)是丰度较高的主要物种,平均丰度分别为4.96×106、4.55×106 个/g。通过比较沉积记录与气候参数发现,颗石藻丰度的长期变化与东亚冬季风的替代指标海平面气压(SLP)有一定相关性,黄海沿岸流受季风影响,随着东亚冬季风的增强而加强,沿岸流带来了物质输入,为研究区域的颗石藻提供了丰富的营养盐,从而支撑了较高的颗石藻丰度。
英文摘要:
      Coccolithophores, as important primary producers in the marine ecosystem, respond sensitively to changes in environmental conditions. When coccolithophores die, the calcified plates (Coccoliths) that they secrete can reflect environmental changes. Hence, coccoliths are important indicators for studying paleoenvironmental and paleoclimatic changes. However, most studies on coccolithophore sediments have been conducted in the Atlantic and the Northeast Pacific Oceans; studies on the continental shelf in the Northwest Pacific are rarely reported. This study aims to address this shortage of long-term records for coccolithophores in the Yellow Sea. The results from these experiments can be compared with climatic changes to explore the corresponding relationship. The results will also provide fundamental data and a theoretical basis for related research. In this study, the coccolith fossils from one box core taken from a sampling position (Station N02) on the coast of the Shandong Peninsula, China, in the northwestern part of the South Yellow Sea, were used for the research. Species identification and abundance statistics were carried out and obtained for the coccolith fossils in the sediment, which scaled 140 years. Eight species of coccolithophore were found. The absolute abundance of coccoliths from the N02 Station core ranged from 5.07×106 to 14.21×106 coccoliths/g, with an average value of 9.76×106 coccoliths/g. Gephyrocapsa oceanica and Emiliania huxleyi were the two species with the highest abundance. By comparing the sediment record with the climatic data from the station, a correlation with the sea level pressure was observed. Sea level pressure can be used as an indicator for the East Asian winter monsoon. The analysis showed that when the East Asian winter monsoon was strong, the coastal currents of the Yellow Sea provided a good nutrient-salt environment for the coccolithophores at the N02 Station, resulting in a high abundance of coccoliths.
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