文章摘要
蓝军南,温久福,李俊伟,区又君,周慧,李加儿,李活.四指马鲅淋巴器官发育组织学观察.渔业科学进展,2020,41(3):70-77
四指马鲅淋巴器官发育组织学观察
Histological Observations on the Early Development of Lymphoid Organs in Eleutheronema tetradactylum
投稿时间:2019-03-14  修订日期:2019-04-03
DOI:
中文关键词: 四指马鲅  淋巴器官  发育  组织学
英文关键词: Eleutheronema tetradactylum  Lymphoid organs  Development  Histology
基金项目:
作者单位
蓝军南 中国水产科学研究院南海水产研究所 农业农村部南海渔业资源开发利用重点实验室 广州 510300上海海洋大学 水产种质资源发掘与利用教育部重点实验室 水产科学国家级实验教学示范中心 海洋动物系统分类与进化上海高校重点实验室 上海 201306 
温久福 中国水产科学研究院南海水产研究所 农业农村部南海渔业资源开发利用重点实验室 广州 510300 
李俊伟 中国水产科学研究院南海水产研究所 农业农村部南海渔业资源开发利用重点实验室 广州 510300 
区又君 中国水产科学研究院南海水产研究所 农业农村部南海渔业资源开发利用重点实验室 广州 510300 
周慧 中国水产科学研究院南海水产研究所 农业农村部南海渔业资源开发利用重点实验室 广州 510300 
李加儿 中国水产科学研究院南海水产研究所 农业农村部南海渔业资源开发利用重点实验室 广州 510300 
李活 茂名市金阳热带海珍养殖有限公司 茂名 525444 
摘要点击次数: 808
全文下载次数: 1141
中文摘要:
      采用石蜡组织连续切片和HE染色技术,对1~60 dph (Days post hatching)四指马鲅(Eleutheronema tetradactylum)的淋巴器官个体发育进行研究,描述了淋巴器官发育特点及组织学特征。结果显示,在盐度为9.0±0.5,水温为(28±2)℃条件下,3 dph胸腺原基出现,由4~6层未分化干细胞和淋巴母细胞样的细胞组成;胸腺发育迅速,主要由淋巴细胞填充;至25 dph皮质区和髓质区分明显,胸腺发育基本完成。3 dph头肾原基形成,由前肾管和少量造血干细胞组成;5 dph胸腺淋巴细胞向头肾迁移,头肾开始淋巴化;随着鱼体生长,造血干细胞分化成不同类型细胞;18 dph前肾管开始退化,至53 dph完全消失,头肾主要由网状内皮系统支持下的淋巴造血组织构成。7 dph脾脏原基形成,至16 dph开始淋巴化;脾脏内皮系统较头肾发达,但其发育速度较胸腺和头肾慢,淋巴细胞明显少于胸腺和头肾。研究表明,四指马鲅淋巴器官原基出现及淋巴化的顺序是胸腺、头肾、脾脏。免疫淋巴器官结构及功能尚未发育完善,可能是四指马鲅在变态期间幼体死亡率高的主要原因之一。
英文摘要:
      This work focused on the histological study of the ontogeny of lymphoid organs by paraffin tissue sections and HE staining techniques in Eleutheronema tetradactylum, from 1 to 60 dph (day post hatching). The results showed that in the conditions of salinity 9.0±0.5 and water temperature (28±2)℃, thymus primordium appears at 3 dph that composed of 4~6 layers of undifferentiated stem cells and lymphocyte-like cells; thymus differentiated rapidly and mainly filled with lymphocytes; at 25 dph, the cortex and medulla are clearly distinguished and thymus development was basically completed. Similarly, the head kidney primordium formed at 3 dph, it consists of pronephric tubules and a few of hematopoietic stem cells; at 5 dph, the head kidney began to lymphatize when the thymic lymphocytes migrate there, and hematopoietic stem cells differentiated into different types of cells as the fish grew; at 18 dph, pronephric tubules began to degenerate and disappeared completely until 53 dph, when the head kidney is mainly composed of lymphopoietic tissue supported by reticular endothelial system. At 7 dph, the spleen primordium appears and begins to lymphatize obviously until 16 dph. The endothelial system of spleen is more developed than that of head kidney, but its development speed is significantly slower than thymus and head kidney, and lymphocytes are less than in the thymus and head kidney. These observations suggested that the respective lymphoid organs primordium becomes the thymus, head kidney and spleen successively. The structure and function of the lymphatic organs in E. tetradactylum have not been fully developed and maybe one of the main causes of high mortality during the metamorphosis period. This study is of great significance for optimizing breeding conditions, improving juvenile cultivation and healthy aquaculture technology.
附件
查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭