文章摘要
张沛东,张彦浩,张宏瑜,张秀梅.海草植株扩繁理论及其定植效应的研究进展.渔业科学进展,2020,41(4):181-189
海草植株扩繁理论及其定植效应的研究进展
Research Advances in Shoot Propagation Theory and Planting Technique of Seagrasses
投稿时间:2019-05-06  修订日期:2019-08-20
DOI:
中文关键词: 克隆生长  生态因子  植株定植  海草
英文关键词: Clonal growth  Ecological factor  Shoot planting  Seagrass
基金项目:
作者单位
张沛东 中国海洋大学 海水养殖教育部重点实验室 青岛 266003 
张彦浩 中国海洋大学 海水养殖教育部重点实验室 青岛 266003 
张宏瑜 中国海洋大学 海水养殖教育部重点实验室 青岛 266003 
张秀梅 中国海洋大学 海水养殖教育部重点实验室 青岛 266003 
摘要点击次数: 263
全文下载次数: 280
中文摘要:
      海草(Seagrasses)是地球上一类经陆生植物演化,发展到可以完全在海洋环境中生活的高等被子植物,具有重要的生态功能和经济价值。本文综述了近年来国内外对海草植株扩繁理论及其定植效应的研究进展,总结了影响海草植株生长扩繁的环境因素,探讨了定植间距、定植阶段、施肥处理等定植理论和技术对海草植株定植效应的影响,并对目前存在的科学问题进行归纳总结,就未来我国沿岸受损海草床生态系统的规模化修复研究提出了展望。
英文摘要:
      Seagrass is a kind of higher angiosperm that originated as a terrestrial plant and over time became adapted to a marine environment. Seagrass beds have important ecological and economical value in that they provide habitats and feeding areas for diverse marine fauna, playing a key role in establishing a flourishing marine ecosystem. From 1993 to 2003, the seagrass acreage lost reached 2.6 × 106 hm2. The first estimated acreages of seagrass beds were recorded in 1879, and based on historical records, it is estimated that more than 5.1 × 106 hm2 of seagrass beds have completely disappeared. With the severe decline of seagrass beds and the public’s recent awareness of their ecological functions, seagrass bed ecological restoration has become one of the more important coastal, environmental engineering projects. Habitat enhancement is the main method utilized in seagrass bed restoration. Currently, seagrass bed restoration is in urgent need of well-organized planning, and large-scale artificial propagations have become vital to current habitat restoration. In order to significantly increase the quantity and efficiency with which seagrass is propagated, this study was to understand the characteristics of seagrass shoot clonal propagation, and determine what techniques would allow efficient plant propagation. In order to achieve highly efficient seagrass shoot propagation, it is necessary to: 1) Promote growth and propagation of key factors; 2) Construct and implement an artificial propagation platform; and 3) Disseminate the growth and propagation planting technique. In this study, the current state of research and knowledge of shoot propagation and planting of seagrasses was reviewed, the environmental factors affecting the growth and development of seagrass shoots was summarized, and the effect of planting space, planting time, and fertilization on the seagrass shoot growth and production was discussed. In addition, the key problems existing at present were summarized. Given the advances in research and public desire to restore damaged ecosystems, there is strong potential for large-scale restoration of damaged seagrass beds along the coast of China in the future, and the summaries provided here will hopefully be a useful reference to these projects.
附件
查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭