文章摘要
吴丽娜,吴彪,刘志鸿,于涛,孙秀俊,周丽青,郑言鑫,王振原.低氧预适应对魁蚶在低氧胁迫下生理生化指标的影响.渔业科学进展,2023,44(2):98-106
低氧预适应对魁蚶在低氧胁迫下生理生化指标的影响
Effects of hypoxic preconditioning on the physiological and biochemical characteristics of Scapharca broughtonii under hypoxia stress
投稿时间:2021-09-30  修订日期:2021-11-11
DOI:
中文关键词: 魁蚶  低氧预适应  低氧胁迫  生理生化指标
英文关键词: Scapharca broughtonii  Hypoxic preconditioning  Hypoxia stress  Physiological and biochemical characteristics
基金项目:
作者单位
吴丽娜 上海海洋大学水产科学国家级实验教学示范中心 上海 201306中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 农业农村部海洋渔业可持续发展重点实验室 山东 青岛 266071青岛海洋科学与技术试点国家实验室海洋渔业科学 与食物产出过程功能实验室 山东 青岛 266071 
吴彪 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 农业农村部海洋渔业可持续发展重点实验室 山东 青岛 266071青岛海洋科学与技术试点国家实验室海洋渔业科学 与食物产出过程功能实验室 山东 青岛 266071 
刘志鸿 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 农业农村部海洋渔业可持续发展重点实验室 山东 青岛 266071青岛海洋科学与技术试点国家实验室海洋渔业科学 与食物产出过程功能实验室 山东 青岛 266071 
于涛 中国水产科学研究院长岛增殖实验站 山东 烟台 265800 
孙秀俊 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 农业农村部海洋渔业可持续发展重点实验室 山东 青岛 266071青岛海洋科学与技术试点国家实验室海洋渔业科学 与食物产出过程功能实验室 山东 青岛 266071 
周丽青 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 农业农村部海洋渔业可持续发展重点实验室 山东 青岛 266071青岛海洋科学与技术试点国家实验室海洋渔业科学 与食物产出过程功能实验室 山东 青岛 266071 
郑言鑫 中国水产科学研究院长岛增殖实验站 山东 烟台 265800 
王振原 上海海洋大学水产科学国家级实验教学示范中心 上海 201306中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 农业农村部海洋渔业可持续发展重点实验室 山东 青岛 266071青岛海洋科学与技术试点国家实验室海洋渔业科学 与食物产出过程功能实验室 山东 青岛 266071 
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中文摘要:
      本研究以未进行低氧预适应的魁蚶(Scapharca broughtonii)为对照组(C组),分析了2次低氧预适应(H2组)和4次低氧预适应(H4组)的魁蚶在溶解氧(DO)约为2.0 mg/L低氧胁迫48 h内的摄食、呼吸代谢和酶活力的变化规律。结果显示,3组魁蚶的摄食率(IR)在胁迫初期急剧下降,后期均随时间的延长逐渐恢复,至48 h时,H组恢复程度显著高于C组(P<0.05=;C组、H2组和H4组魁蚶的耗氧率(OR)随时间变化呈逐渐升高的趋势,48 h比0 h分别提高了1.15、1.08、0.73倍;3组排氨率(NR)表现出不同的变化趋势,至48 h时,C组、H2组和H4组分别为0 h的1.67、1.30、0.97倍;C组的氧氮比(O/N)相对平稳,H组的变化范围相对较大。3组的细胞色素C氧化酶(COX)随着低氧胁迫时间的延长呈逐渐降低的趋势,乳酸脱氢酶(LDH)活力和还原型谷胱甘肽酶(GSH)含量整体呈上升趋势,与对照组相比,预低氧组的酶活力在低氧胁迫期间变化相对平稳,应激反应小。研究表明,魁蚶经低氧预适应后再次受到低氧胁迫时,IR升高,OR降低,酶活性相对稳定,低氧预适应能提高魁蚶的耐低氧能力。本研究丰富了魁蚶低氧耐受相关研究的基础数据,为进一步探讨魁蚶低氧耐受机制和创制耐低氧新种质提供了参考资料。
英文摘要:
      Dissolved oxygen (DO) is one of essential factor for the survival of aquatic organisms, affecting many physiological processes including growth, survival, reproduction and development. Due to the change of global environment and the influence of human activities, hypoxia often occurs in both natural and cultured water bodies. Studies showed that water is in a hypoxic state when DO is lower than 2 mg/L, and aquatic animals in this condition may often suffer from hypoxic stress. The blood clam Scapharca broughtonii is an important economic bivalve because of its delicious taste and rich protein, vitamins and hemoglobin. At present, the S. broughtonii has become an important species in Northern China, and the better economic benefit of breeding drives the rapid development of seedling production and culture. However, hypoxia often threatens the cultivation of S. broughtonii. Hypoxic preconditioning refers to the endogenous protective mechanism generated after the body is stimulated by multiple transient and non-fatal hypoxic stimuli, which can protect the body tissues and improve the tolerance of the body. To explore the effects of hypoxic preconditioning on the physiological and biochemical characteristics of S. broughtonii under hypoxia stress, the clams were divided into three groups containing H2 (hypoxic preconditioning for two times), H4 (hypoxic preconditioning for four times) and C (no hypoxic preconditioning, as control group). And then, we analyzed the feeding rate (IR), energy metabolism and three enzymes activity of three groups during the process of hypoxia stress for 48 hours with DO concentration of ~2.0 mg/L. The first item we explored was changes in feeding rates. During hypoxia stress, the IR of the three groups showed a tendency of decreasing first and then increasing. At the late stage of stress, the feeding rate of the three groups recovered to some extent, and the recovery degree of groups H4 and H2 were better than that of group C. The energy metabolism we studied contains the oxygen consumption rate (OR) and the ammonia excretion rate (NR). The results showed that the OR of the three groups increased gradually under hypoxia stress and reached the maximum value at 48 h after treatment. The OR of group C, H2 and H4 increased by 1.15, 1.08 and 0.73 times, respectively, after 48 hours of treatment. The trends in NR were that the NR in group C gradually increased during treatment, while that in group H reduced first followed by increasing and then decreased. The NR of group C, H2 and H4 showed different trends during the stress period which were 1.67, 1.30 and 0.97 times of 0 h at 48 h, respectively. And the ratio of oxygen to nitrogen in group C was relatively stable, while that in group H was relatively wide. The following are the experimental results of enzyme activity changes, which include cytochrome c oxidase (COX), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and glutathione (GSH). The COX of the three groups decreased gradually with the extension of hypoxia stress time. LDH activity and GSH enzyme content all showed an upward tendency. Compared with the control group C, the enzyme activity of the pre-hypoxic group H2 and H4 were relatively stable during the hypoxic stress. In total, the results showed that S. broughtonii pretreated with hypoxia had higher feeding rate, lower oxygen consumption rate and relatively stable enzyme activity compared with the control group, which revealed hypoxia pretreatment could improve its ability of hypoxia tolerance. It showed that hypoxia preconditioning had a more positive effect on the hypoxia tolerance of S. broughtonii. In this study, the effects of hypoxic preconditioning on physiological and biochemical of S. broughtonii under hypoxia stress including feeding rate, respiratory metabolism and enzyme activity were studied for the first time. It was found that hypoxic training could effectively improve the body's response to hypoxic stress, enriching the research data related to hypoxic adaptation, and providing data for exploring the stress adaptation mechanism of S. broughtonii.
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