文章摘要
赵永松,单秀娟,杨涛,金显仕,韦超.庙岛群岛毗邻海域秋季底栖食物网潜在碳来源贡献及对碳汇渔业的思考.渔业科学进展,2022,43(5):132-141
庙岛群岛毗邻海域秋季底栖食物网潜在碳来源贡献及对碳汇渔业的思考
Contributions of carbon sources to food webs adjacent to the Miaodao Archipelago and their implications for carbon sink fisheries
投稿时间:2021-11-05  修订日期:2021-11-23
DOI:
中文关键词: 庙岛群岛  碳来源  食物网  Stable isotope analysis in R (SIAR)  海洋碳汇  碳汇渔业
英文关键词: Miaodao Archipelago  Carbon source  Food web  Stable isotope analysis in R (SIAR)  Blue carbon sink  Carbon sink fishery
基金项目:
作者单位
赵永松 上海海洋大学海洋科学学院 上海 201306中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 农业农村部海洋渔业可持续发展重点实验室 山东省渔业资源与生态环境重点实验室 山东 青岛 266071 
单秀娟 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 农业农村部海洋渔业可持续发展重点实验室 山东省渔业资源与生态环境重点实验室 山东 青岛 266071
青岛海洋科学与技术试点国家实验室海洋渔业科学与食物产出过程功能实验室 山东 青岛 266071
山东长岛近海渔业资源国家野外观测研究站 山东 烟台 265800 
杨涛 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 农业农村部海洋渔业可持续发展重点实验室 山东省渔业资源与生态环境重点实验室 山东 青岛 266071
青岛海洋科学与技术试点国家实验室海洋渔业科学与食物产出过程功能实验室 山东 青岛 266071
山东长岛近海渔业资源国家野外观测研究站 山东 烟台 265800 
金显仕 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 农业农村部海洋渔业可持续发展重点实验室 山东省渔业资源与生态环境重点实验室 山东 青岛 266071
青岛海洋科学与技术试点国家实验室海洋渔业科学与食物产出过程功能实验室 山东 青岛 266071
山东长岛近海渔业资源国家野外观测研究站 山东 烟台 265800 
韦超 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 农业农村部海洋渔业可持续发展重点实验室 山东省渔业资源与生态环境重点实验室 山东 青岛 266071 
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中文摘要:
      陆架边缘海是全球海洋重要的碳汇区域,而近岸岛屿毗邻海域作为最具代表性的边缘海域,具有来自海洋与陆地的不同碳来源,在碳循环和海洋碳汇中发挥着重要作用。本研究基于碳氮稳定同位素方法,利用贝叶斯混合模型,分析2020年秋季庙岛群岛毗邻海域底栖食物网中不同碳来源(浮游植物、大型藻类、悬浮颗粒有机物和底质有机物)对主要消费者类群(水生底栖无脊椎动物、杂食性鱼类、底栖食性鱼类和肉食性鱼类)的相对贡献,并以此对海洋碳汇和碳汇渔业展开了讨论。结果显示,庙岛群岛毗邻海域秋季底栖食物网生物类群的潜在碳来源主要为藻类(包括浮游植物和大型藻类)和海底底质有机质(SOM),但悬浮颗粒有机物(POM)的贡献较低。碳来源主要以内源性碳(海源)为主。由于大型藻类对水生底栖无脊椎动物的贡献明显高于鱼类,在碳汇渔业的指导下,合理科学地进行藻类增养殖,并通过贝类或以贝藻为食的鱼类混和养殖可能增加碳汇能力,从而促进碳汇渔业的发展。
英文摘要:
      Oceans are the largest carbon pool on earth, and marine food webs play an important role in the carbon cycle. Research on marine food webs has revealed many key processes in ecosystems, such as nutrient cycling and energy flow. However, the complexity of basic carbon sources complicates the study of trophic structure and carbon cycling in the food web. Many studies have focused on the contribution of food web carbon sources in rivers, lakes, estuaries, and other aquatic ecosystems, but few have considered the contribution of food web carbon sources in the sea adjacent to coastal islands. The adjacent sea area of nearshore islands is a transition area between ocean and land and plays an important role in the carbon cycle and ocean carbon sink. The Miaodao Archipelago, located in the Bohai Strait in northern China, is at the intersection of the Bohai Sea and the Yellow Sea. Its ecosystem includes sea, intertidal zones, and island land and is extremely rich in biological resources. It is an ideal location to study the carbon source and sink dynamics of the food web in seas adjacent to islands. Isotope ecology provides a unique perspective for the study of carbon sources and sinks. The isotopic composition of an animal´s tissues depends on its food and reflects the overarching environmental conditions assimilated over time. An animal´s carbon isotopic composition can reveal its food sources. Because stable nitrogen isotopes are typically enriched in the consumer´s body, the amount of 15N increases with higher trophic levels. To investigate the contribution of different carbon sources to the food web and the mechanism of carbon sequestration, we studied the basic food resources and food web in the area adjacent to the Miaodao Archipelago in autumn 2020. The stable isotope analysis in the R (SIAR) package in R 4.0.5 was used to estimate the contribution of multiple food sources to each consumer species; this model incorporates stable isotope values (δ13C and δ15N) in the siarmcmcdirichletv4 command to estimate the relative energy contributions of different base energy sources (base food sources or primary producers). Based on the stable isotope method of carbon and nitrogen, the Bayesian mixing model SIAR analyzes the relative contributions of different carbon sources (phytoplankton, macroalgae, and attached algae, suspended particulate organic matter (POM), and substrate organic matter (SOM)) to the main consumer groups (aquatic benthic invertebrates, omnivores, benthivores, and piscivores). Based on this, we discuss marine carbon sinks and carbon sink fisheries. The δ13C isotope ranges from –26.54‰ to –16.92‰, δ15N ranges from 0.38‰ to 8.58‰, and δ13C ranges from –25.43‰ to –16.74‰, δ15N ranges from 2.84‰ to 13.06 ‰ for benthic invertebrates. Fish δ13C ranges from –22.26‰ to –15.10‰, and δ15N ranges from 7.35‰ to 14.54‰. The results showed that algae (phytoplankton, macroalgae, and ancillary algae) and SOM were the main carbon sources in the autumn food web of the waters adjacent to the Miaodao Archipelago, and the contribution of algae was the highest, while the contribution of POM was relatively low. The carbon source was mainly endogenous. Macroalgae and attached algae contribute more to aquatic benthic invertebrates. With regards to carbon sink fisheries, increasing algal cultivation and mixed cultivation of shellfish or shellfish feeding fish can increase carbon sink capacity and promote the development of carbon sink fisheries. The contributions of large algae, adherent algae, and benthic algae to the marine food web are controversial. In the present isotope study, large algae and adherent algae were the main carbon source of benthic invertebrates and fish, and their contribution to the carbon source was relatively high. Although food webs play a very important role in the ocean carbon sink and carbon cycle, the specific carbon sink process is still unclear. This was a preliminary study on the ocean carbon sink from the perspective of stable isotopes, and the results contribute to our understanding of the ocean carbon sink process. Through research on the contribution of carbon sources to the food web, the carbon intake of fish can be calculated more accurately, which helps us further understand the pathways and processes of carbon sequestration in marine organisms, the carbon cycle at the sea-land interface and promotes the development of a more reasonable carbon sequestration fishery management strategy. However, the food web is a dynamic and complex process, and many uncertainties underlie the carbon sink mechanisms of marine organisms. The carbon source contribution is only a relatively simplified model, which cannot fully interpret complex carbon source mechanisms. In future studies, the selection of carbon sources should be optimized under the guidance of the carbon sink fishery concept. The biological role of food webs in marine carbon sinks should be further studied.
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