文章摘要
岩礁鱼类行为生态学研究进展
Research Progress on Behavioral Ecology of Reef Fish
投稿时间:2020-02-24  修订日期:2020-03-09
DOI:
中文关键词: 岩礁鱼类,行为生态学,研究进展,人工鱼礁
英文关键词: Behavioral  Ecology, Reef  Fish, Research  Progress, Artificial  Reef
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
李娇 农业部海洋渔业可持续发展重点实验室 lijiao@ysfri.ac.cn 
公丕海 农业部海洋渔业可持续发展重点实验室  
常青 农业部海洋渔业可持续发展重点实验室  
关长涛 农业部海洋渔业可持续发展重点实验室 guanct@ysfri.ac.cn 
李佳佳 农业部海洋渔业可持续发展重点实验室
上海海洋大学海洋科学学院
上海海洋大学海洋科学学院 
 
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中文摘要:
      岩礁鱼类或因肉质鲜美具有较高的食用价值,或因体型优美、色彩亮丽具有较高的观赏价值,其昂贵的经济价值一直都是水产业竞相养殖、捕捞的对象,过度开发、环境污染、全球气候变化造成岩礁鱼类及其栖息地受到不同程度的破坏,资源量锐减,栖息地退化。为应对全球海洋生态环境和资源面临的重重压力,以人工鱼礁、增殖放流为水生生物资源养护基础措施的海洋牧场建设成为世界沿海国家的战略性选择,但人工鱼礁与增殖放流脱节严重,造成综合效应差,资源养护成效不显著是目前海洋牧场存在的关键问题。岩礁鱼类行为特征研究对优化水生生物放流策略,提高增殖物种成活率,养护生物资源,科学开展人工鱼礁工程建设,促进渔业经济发展具有重要作用。为此,本文综述了国内外对于岩礁鱼类在行为生态学方面的研究进展,同时,就岩礁鱼类行为生态学研究中存在的问题进行讨论并提出建议,以期为我国海洋牧场建设提供更科学的理论基础和更高效的技术方案。
英文摘要:
      Reef fish are expensive because of edible or ornamental value, which are delicious or colorful and well-shaped, so they have been cultured and fished. Due to overdevelopment, environmental pollution and global warming, reef fish and their habitat are destroyed in different degree, reef fish resource collapse, and habitats degrade. In order to solve the stress of global marine ecological environment and resources, construction of marine ranching based on artificial reef and stock enhancement and releasing for protecting aquatic organism become strategic choice in the world"s coastal country. But the disconnect between artificial reef and proliferation is serious, the comprehensive effect is bad, resource conservation effect was not significant is the key problems of marine ranching. The research on the behavior characteristics of reef fish plays an important role in optimizing the releasing strategy of aquatic organisms, improving the survival rate of breeding species, conserving biological resources, constructing scientifically artificial reef projects and promoting the development of fishery economy. Therefore, in this paper the research progress on the behavioral ecology of reef fish at home and abroad is summarized, the existing problems in the behavioral ecology of reef fish is discussed, and suggestion is put forward , so as to provide a more scientific theoretical basis and more efficient technical scheme for the construction of marine ranching in China.
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