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中国产细纹狮子鱼的骨学和肌肉学研究
亢世华1, 金显仕1,2, 王俊1,3
1.中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 农业农村部海洋渔业可持续发展重点实验室 山东省渔业资源与生态环境重点实验室 山东 青岛 266071;2.青岛海洋科学与技术试点国家实验室海洋渔业科学与食物产出过程功能实验室 山东 青岛 266071;3.青岛海洋科学与技术试点国家实验室海洋生态与环境科学功能实验室 山东 青岛 266237
摘要:
本研究解剖了中国产细纹狮子鱼(Liparis tanakae)标本,并详细描述了该物种的骨骼系统、骨骼肌系统及相关神经,包括围眶骨、脑颅、颌骨、悬器和鳃盖骨、舌弓、鳃弓、肩带、腰带、中轴骨架和奇鳍支鳍骨、尾部骨架的10个部分骨骼,以及颊肌、脑颅与悬器–鳃盖骨间肌肉、头部腹面肌肉、鳃弓肌肉、胸鳍肌肉、腹鳍肌肉、奇鳍相关肌肉、尾鳍肌肉的8个部分骨骼肌。阐明了骨学和肌肉学名词术语的更新和同物异名等情况,并对舌弓展肌和鳃弓背面牵缩肌等部分进行中文命名。讲解了腹鳍吸盘的特殊构造及其运动机制,以及颊肌的分化和功能。
关键词:  骨学  肌肉学  细纹狮子鱼  形态学  鱼类解剖学
DOI:
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Osteological and Myological Characteristics of Liparis tanakae from Chinese Coasts
KANG Shihua1, JIN Xianshi1,2, WANG Jun1,3
1.Yellow Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Key Laboratory of Sustainable Development of Marine Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural affairs, Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Fishery Resources and Ecological Environment, Qingdao, Shandong 266071, China;2.Laboratory for Marine Fisheries Science and Food Production Processes, Pilot National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology (Qingdao), Qingdao, Shandong 266071, China;3.Laboratory for Marine Ecology and Environmental Science, Pilot National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology (Qingdao), Qingdao, Shandong 266237, China
Abstract:
Fish anatomy, including osteology and myology, is very important for traditional ichthyological research and systematics. It provides the basis for taxonomy, phylogeny, morphology, veterinary, evolution, and other studies. However, few related papers on fish anatomy have been published in China, and hence, research is currently insufficient. Liparis tanakae, is a dominant species in the Yellow Sea and Bo Hai, which occupies an important position in the ecosystem, but no study has so far described its anatomical characteristics in detail. The osteological and myological descriptions of L. tanakae are given in this study, and some associated nerves are also mentioned here. The osteological descriptions comprise ten parts: circumorbital bones, neurocranium, jaws, suspensorium and opercular bones, hyoid arch, branchial arches, pectoral girdle, pelvic girdle, axial skeleton, median fin supports, and caudal skeleton; and myological descriptions comprise eight parts: cheek muscles, cephalic muscles between the cranium and suspensorium-opercular bones, ventral muscles of the head, branchial muscles, pectoral fin muscles, pelvic fin muscles, muscles associated with median fins, and caudal fin muscles. Examinations were made on specimens stained with alcian blue and alizarin red. The specimens were dissected under a stereomicroscope used to prepare drawings. Some renewal conditions of terminology and synonyms were stated, and few portions unnamed in Chinese, such as hyohyoidei abductor and retractor dorsalis, were named. The special structure of the pelvic fin and its locomotory mechanism were illustrated, along with the differentiation and function of the cheek muscles.
Key words:  Osteology  Myology  Liparis tanakae  Morphology  Fish anatomy